Jakarta: Are there any friends Medicom who aim Major management? This article is perfect for you! Before you delve into this department, it is good that you know what it is. management, its importance, as well as the functions of the management process applied in a company. Curious? Check out the following article!
Initiating the PPM School of Management website, the management process can be defined as a series of useful systems to direct people towards the achievement of organizational goals. Therefore, the management process of an organization or a business is the most important fundamental for the sustainability of the organization.
Business process function
Based on the opinion of GR Terry as an expert, he explained that the management process consists of four functions, namely:
- Planning or Planning
- Organize or get organized
- Direction/Leadership or Actuation
- Monitoring/Control or Control
These four functions are implemented in stages so that companies or organizations can realize the vision they want.
Process management and examples
As stated by GR Terry, the management process is often referred to as PDAC, which is divided into planning, organizing, executing and controlling. The steps and examples of the process can be described as follows.
1. Planning or Planning
The first step when someone performs the management process is planning. At the planning stage, a manager has to think and devise the right concepts and strategies to increase the productivity or business of an organization. With proper planning, this will have a positive effect on the future activities of the organization.
An example of planning is that a manager needs to achieve a sales goal of 5,000 products per month. However, he faced a situation where 3,000 new products were sold. Thus, to achieve the objectives set by the company, a manager must plan the right marketing strategy, such as the selection of promotional materials.
2. Organize or Organize
After knowing the right plan or strategy, the manager will organize or distribute the work to each relevant division. The organization aims to use and manage all existing resources according to their respective capabilities so that the organization can work effectively towards achieving its vision.
An example of an organization is that there is a clear organizational or corporate structure, such as a president who is responsible for everything in the organization, a secretary who is responsible for managing correspondence and organizational administrative processes, and a treasurer who is responsible for managing the finances of the organization. With this structure, it will facilitate the preparation of the activities of the organization.
3. Lead/Leadership or Operate
After organizing the work towards the appropriate divisions, the next step is for the manager to provide the actuation or direction of these. Even if the organization or distribution of duties for each division within an organization is clear, it should be noted that they also require direction from the relevant manager or manager. Thus, they will better understand the responsibilities and job descriptions that can be carried out correctly and effectively.
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An example of actuating is that every month, managers will organize training activities every month for all divisions of the organization or company so that they can continue to develop the skills they have and apply them in their work.
4. Supervision/Control or Control
The last step in the management process is control. In this stage, the management will compare the planning and the realization of the management ideas that he has made. Of course, good supervision of all resources will make it easier for managers to know the needs of each division they manage and to evaluate the management processes initiated so that they can develop further in a better direction.
An example of control is that every week, each member of the division makes a report to the relevant manager to update the progress of the work of his division.
Managers play an important role in the PDAC process of an organization or business. According to the statement of Henry Mintzberg, a business and management expert from Canada, the importance of the role of the manager falls into 3 categories, namely:
- Interpersonal – manage interactions between internal and external parties of the company
- Informational – correctly providing, receiving and analyzing information received from internal and external companies
- Decisional – solving a problem and making the right decision when an organization or business is faced with a crisis or a problem.
Because he plays an important role in an organization or a company, a manager must have in-depth knowledge and good skills to implement management processes. According to Robert L. Katz, a manager needs three skills, namely technical, humanitarian and conceptual skills which can be described as follows:
1. Technical skills
Technical skills are special skills that managers possess and which are acquired through various training courses and in-depth professional experiences, so that they can perform their duties properly. For example, a CFO certainly has a background in the financial world, such as accountants, auditors, or business management.
2. Human skills
A manager must have people skills such as being competent, confident and enthusiastic to lead and manage the management process well. This skill will make it easier for managers to understand the feelings of each member or the resources they manage as well as situational awareness. Thus, managers can make decisions or rules wisely.
3. Conceptual skills
Conceptual skills can be thought of as a manager’s ability to think analytically and critically. Due to his important role in a company, when a manager faces a crisis, he must consider everything critically and decide on the right solution to solve the problem.
So, this was all about the management process and the important roles of managers in a business. From here, buddy Medicom Still interested in a specialization in management? (Grace Angelica)
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